Cyberwarfare – Stuxnet – hacking Iran’s nuclear capabilities

Key date: 2010 Stuxnet was a malicious worm, discovered by Kaspersky Labs in 2010. A worm is self-replicating malware that duplicates itself and spreads to uninfected computers. Stuxnet was solely designed to target the make and model of a specific embargoed Siemen’s SCADA system used only by the Iranian nuclear program. Stuxnet allowed the Iranian centrifuges to overspin but not alert staff, damaging themselves permanently. As such, it is widely believed to have been designed by America and Israel and called, “Operation Olympic Games.“ http://www.bbc.co.uk/timelines/zc6fbk7 https://www.wired.com/2014/11/countdown-to-zero-day-stuxnet/ https://spectrum.ieee.org/telecom/security/the-real-story-of-stuxnet    

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Hackers targeted Irish energy networks

Key date: 15th July 2017 Hackers use spear phishing e-mails to target Execs in Electricity Supply Board (ESB), which supplies both Northern Ireland and the Republic. Group said to be Russian state sponsored, GRU Intelligence Agency (Гла́вное разве́дывательное управле́ние – Glavnoye Razvedyvatel’noye Upravleniye) GRU is Russia’s biggest foreign intelligence agency, headed by Igor Korobov (И́горь Ко́робов) cyber attack intended to infiltrate Supervisory control and data acquisition control systems (SCADA), allowing hackers to force blackouts and damage infrastructure. State sponsored targeting of Energy Boards seen in Ukraine conflict Vladimir Putin has denied supporting hackers. Other articles https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Intelligence_Directorate http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/cyber-attacks-uk-hackers-target-irish-energy-network-russia-putin-electricity-supply-board-nuclear-a7843086.html

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UK Parliament hit by cyber attack

Key date: 24th June 2017 Hackers attempt to access MPs’ email accounts Up to 90 accounts said to be compromised Security staff shut down access to contain damage. Targeting weak passwords. The Sunday Times quoted a security source as saying: “It was a brute force attack. It appears to have been state-sponsored.” Vladimir Putin has denied allegations of state-sponsored Russian hacking. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/parliament-cyber-attack-mp-email-accounts-houses-commons-politicians-security-police-a7806456.html https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/jun/24/cyber-attack-parliament-email-access

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