- Forty-four people killed in a massive bombing in Kurdish-controlled city of Qamishli north-east Syria.
- Blast was caused by a truck bomb which struck near a Kurdish security headquarters.
- Islamic State (IS) has said it was behind the attack, in Hassakeh province, near the border with Turkey.
Assessment: Qamishli Truck Bombing
The use of a truck is a form of 4GW indicated by the use of a truck – a vehicle typically seen and used for heavy duty though unexpectedly for bombs. It is thereby an unconventional means of warfare which is why the state (using conventional anti-insurgent means) was incapable of detecting it. The reason military units like the Kurdish Peshmerga is successful in its fight against ISIS is due to its small but capable units – therefore using the same generation of warfare as ISIS to be able to fight it. The state would therefore be placed under 3GW of counting on mobile artillery and infantry – not feasible against ISIS.